Entry Clone Accession:
clone 27 (T615S mutation)
Entry Clone Source:
SGC Construct ID:
Sequence (with tag(s)):
Sequence after tag cleavage:
InsectXpress medium (Lonza)
Bacmid DNA was prepared from DH10Bac cells and using to transfect Sf9 insect cells for the preparation of initial baculovirus. AASS protein was expressed from infected Sf9 cells cultivated in InsectXpress medium (Lonza) for 72 hours at 27°C.
Binding Buffer: 50 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 500 mM NaCl, 5% Glycerol, 20 mM Imidazole pH 7.4, 0.5 mM TCEP
Wash Buffer: 50 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 500 mM NaCl, 5% Glycerol, 40 mM Imidazole pH 7.4, 0.5 mM TCEP
Elution Buffer: 50 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 500 mM NaCl, 5% Glycerol, 250 mM Imidazole pH 7.4, 0.5 mM TCEP
Harvested cells were resuspended in lysis buffer (50 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 500 mM NaCl, 5% Glycerol, 20 mM Imidazole pH 7.4, 0.5 mM TCEP, 1 µL per 1 mL protease inhibitor cocktail EDTA-free).
Cell pellet was dissolved in approximately 200 mL lysis buffer and broken by homogenization by 2 passes at 12,000 psi. The cell debris was pelleted at 35000 x g, 1h and the supernatant used for purification on a gravity flow Ni-NTA column (5 mL).
The clarified cell extract was added to 5 ml of Ni-NTA resin pre-equilibrated with lysis buffer and passed through a glass column. The column was then washed with Binding Buffer (2 x 50 mL) and Wash Buffer (2 x 50 mL). The protein was eluted with Elution Buffer in 5 x 5 mL fractions. The eluted fractions from column 1 were pooled and concentrated to 5 mL with a 30 kDa MWCO spin concentrator and injected into an S200 16/60 column (pre-equilibrated in GF Buffer (50 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 500 mM NaCl, 0.5 mM TCEP, 5% Glycerol)) at 1.0 mL/min. 1.5 mL-fractions were collected. The eluted protein was cleaved overnight at 4 °C by TEV protease (1/20 (w/w)).
The following day protein sample was loaded onto 0.5ml Ni-sepharose column pre-equilibrated with GF buffer to remove uncleaved protein. Pooled protein fractions were concentrated to 13 mg/mL using a 30 kDa mwco concentrator.
Compound Exact Mass: 232.049333
Apo crystals were prepared by mixing 50 nL of hAASS-SDH protein (85 mg/mL) with 100 nL of reservoir solution containing 20% PEG3350, 0.1M Tris pH 7.5 and 0.2-0.33 M sodium malonate. For the fragment screening campaign, crystals were soaked with fragment compound (10/50/500 mM) in the crystallization solution supplemented with 8% butanediol for 5-30 min, and frozen in liquid nitrogen.
Data Collection: Beamline:
Dmnd I03; Resolution:
For the fragment screening campaign, ligands were identified by DIMPLE [https://github.com/ccp4/dimple]
using difference density maps. Weaker binders with low occupancy were evaluated using PANDDA [https://pandda.bitbucket.io/]
, based on statistical models to find ligand density present in a given dataset that is not present in majority of datasets.